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Article: What is Pendant Lighting? Everything You Need to Know and a Buying Guide

What is Pendant Lighting? Everything You Need to Know and a Buying Guide

Written by Henry Phan Update
4th of july sale

Pendant lights, also known as drop or suspender lights, are single light fixtures that hang from the ceiling, usually suspended by a cord, chain, or metal rod. Pendant lights are often used in groups, hung in a straight line above kitchen counters, dining tables, or sometimes in bathrooms.

Pendant lights come in a wide range of sizes and materials, from metal, glass, and concrete to plastic. Many modern pendant light models use low-voltage, energy-saving bulbs, while others use halogen or fluorescent bulbs.

CHECKOUT: Pendant Lighting | Hanging Lights | Modern Lighting Fixtures for Every Room

When selecting pendant lights, consider factors such as the size and height of the room, the desired brightness level, and the overall style you wish to achieve.

The material, color, and finish of the pendant light should complement the room's existing décor. Additionally, consider the energy efficiency of the light source, as this can impact both the running costs and the environmental impact of the lighting solution.

What are pendant lights?

Pendant lights are ceiling lights that create elegant and aesthetic beauty in any space. They are very diverse in size, materials, and patterns, each with its own characteristics and effects on interior space. These lights can be considered beautiful pieces of jewelry that can highlight areas of the home.

pendant lights are ceiling lights
Pendant lights are ceiling lights that create beauty and elegance in a space

Although pendant light are similar to chandeliers because of their patterns and elegance, they still have distinct differences.

Chandeliers often have multiple branches and lights, along with more intricate designs, and are often found in hallways and important spaces. On the other hand, modern pendant lighting provides a more practical lighting solution while maintaining its elegant appeal.

Uncover More: 50+ Pendant Lighting, Hanging Lights, Modern Lighting Fixtures, and More

5+ benefits of pendant lighting

Pendant lights are chosen by many families for a variety of reasons. Here are some benefits that you can refer to regarding this:

Better accent and task lighting

The first reason you should choose a rattan pendant light is that it creates a better accent and task. By installing modern pendant lights, you can highlight every corner of your home, no matter the corner or the closet.

can highlight every corner of your home
The light creates a better accent and task, so you can highlight every corner of your home

Whether you need light for cooking or reading in a small corner of your home, pendant lighting can be intelligently positioned to illuminate the area without casting shadows.

Customized pendant lights

Another benefit of glass pendant lights is their high adaptability. With adjustable height and direction, pendant lights give you the freedom to create the desired atmosphere in any room.

very adaptable and can be can easily customize
The pendant lights are very adaptable and can be easily customized

You can easily customize it to meet the needs of your home. Modern pendant lighting will allow you to consider factors such as the ratio of the light to its distance from the walls.

Energy-efficient and cost-friendly

Pendant Lights are considered the latest in technology; they are now equipped with LEDs, which are known for their high efficiency and long life. This helps conserve energy and reduce electricity bills.

Therefore, switching to newer cage pendant lights will not only help you make your space more attractive but will also save you a considerable amount of money over a long period of time.

led lights are energy efficient and cost-friendly
They are now equipped with LEDs, which help save energy and are cost-friendly

An eye-catching and space-saving device

If you are looking for focused light, pendant lights are a great suggestion. It can provide focused light exactly where you need it. Whether you're working at your office desk or preparing a delicious meal in the kitchen, pendant lighting effortlessly illuminates any space.

provide focused light exactly and save space
It can provide focused light exactly and save space

Simple installations, no ceiling damage required

One of the advantages that you should not ignore is the simple installation process, which does not cause damage to the ceiling. By choosing these lights, you can easily change the space in your home or office.

Especially when you are renting space and cannot make major changes to the ceiling, a pendant light is also one of the necessary fixtures you can consider. When moving to another place, you can conveniently remove the pendant light and take it with you to your new home.

also easy to be installed with no ceiling damage required
These lights are also easy to install, with no ceiling damage required

The best concept design with pendant lights

It can be said that hanging lights are the best suggestion for every space in your home and come in many different styles. Here are some design ideas with hanging light fixtures you can refer to.

Midcentury pendant lights

Midcentury pendant lights capture the iconic design aesthetic of the mid-20th century, featuring sleek lines, organic shapes, and retro-inspired elements.

Explore More: Iconic designs that define mid-century elegance

Modern and sleek

This design focuses on clean, simple lines and a minimalist aesthetic, making the sleek pendant light a great choice for any space in your home. You can consider lamps that have a sleek, slim profile that offers beauty and elegance. These pendant lights are sure to give off a modern vibe and add a touch of sophistication to any modern setting.

modern and sleek clean and simple and minimalist
Modern and sleek focused on clean, simple, and minimalist


Whatever your interior design style, industrial pendant light design ideas are a unique way to incorporate them into your space. The industrial design is known for its signature metallic finish, weathered texture, and cage-like construction. These lights are often made of metal that evokes vintage factory lighting and even include bare bulbs in lantern-style metal or glass cages.

classic call on light house
The industrial patterns evoke vintage factory lighting for your home


Schoolhouse lighting has a nostalgic charm, evoking a vintage aesthetic. These fixtures typically feature a simple design with rounded glass shades in white or clear, or metal shades paired with brass or bronze finishes.


Cascade pendant lights are a stunning and dramatic option. These lights feature multiple tiers of glass or metal shades that cascade down from the ceiling, creating a beautiful waterfall effect.


Candle pendant lights exude a romantic and elegant charm. Typically, these fixtures feature metal or brass stems, with each branch mimicking the shape of a candle. They are ideal for infusing a cozy and intimate ambiance into spaces like bedrooms and dining rooms.


Foyer pendant lights are a great way to make a statement in your entryway or hallway. These lights are typically larger and more dramatic than other pendant styles, often featuring multiple tiers or intricate designs.


If you're someone who prefers traditional, understated options, then this is for you. Traditional pendant lights offer a timeless and sophisticated choice for any room in your home. These fixtures usually boast ornate designs, intricate details, and warm, inviting finishes such as bronze or gold.


The coastal style is no stranger, bringing a fresh, airy feel reminiscent of nature's abundance. Coastal pendant lights are often crafted from natural materials like wood, rope, or seagrass, frequently adorned with a white or blue finish. Perfect for infusing a relaxed and laid-back ambiance into spaces like kitchens, balconies, or reading nooks.


Cottage pendant lights combine vintage charm with modern materials. These fixtures often showcase rustic designs, incorporating natural materials such as wood or metal, along with warm, inviting finishes like bronze or copper. They exude a cozy and welcoming ambiance, making them perfect for creating a homely atmosphere.


This design often uses wood, rattan, and bamboo materials to create a rustic look and a cozy space. Furthermore, natural vibe pendant Lighting will bring a natural feel to the home and add a unique and rustic aesthetic to any room. It will certainly be a perfect fit for country houses.

make your space more unique and cozy space The rustic design will make your space more unique and cozy.

Art deco

This pendant light features a striking art deco opal glass shade. The rope suspension is available in white or black and comes in a mini-size shade. These Art Deco pendant lights are perfect for kitchens, bathrooms, offices, and other living areas. In addition, it also brings elegance and classics to your space.

designs often feature black or white and have a mini-size shade
Art Deco designs often feature black or white and have a mini-size shade

French country

French Country pendant lights offer a blend of romance and rustic charm, evoking a sense of familiarity and simplicity. These fixtures focus on intricate details, ensuring each light is unique and elegant. Don't be surprised if they become a focal point that guests notice first when they visit.


Tiffany pendant lights showcase stained glass shades that pay homage to the timeless designs of Louis Comfort Tiffany. These fixtures have the ability to bring a unique, artistic flair to even the most traditional homes, adding a touch of sophistication to the living space.


The globe shape is undoubtedly a familiar sight, especially in the realm of pendant lights. It's commonly employed across a variety of materials, ranging from glass and metal to rattan and bamboo. This diversity allows for versatile adaptation to suit a wide array of styles.


True to their name, glam pendant lights bring a touch of luxury to your home. These fixtures often showcase intricate designs, sparkling crystals, and shimmering finishes like gold or silver. They are typically utilized in welcoming spaces such as entryways or living rooms, adding a glamorous and opulent touch to your interior decor.


Geo pendant lights are characterized by their geometric shapes and sleek lines, offering a minimalist aesthetic that still reflects the homeowner's taste and personality. These fixtures embody simplicity and modernity, making a subtle yet distinctive statement

Types of pendant lights

There are quite a few different types of these lights available in the market, ranging from modern to traditional. Let's explore the following 9 types of pendant lights:

Rattan pendant lights

The rattan pendant light comes in natural, soothing colors with handcrafted details to match any decor. These lamps are made from vines or long-stemmed vines, which can be found in many climates and terrains around the world. If you are looking to establish a peaceful atmosphere that welcomes advertising, rattan pendant lights are the perfect choice.

made from natural materials and friendly to the environment
The rattan pendant lights are made from natural materials that are friendly to the environment

Linear pendant lighting

The characteristic of linear pendant lighting is that it has a long tube bulb mounted on a protrusion. They often provide a spacious space, with lots of light, suitable for the kitchen or the dining table. In addition, it is a larger size than any other typical lamp. Besides, it is also an excellent choice for common areas where people often gather and chat.

Read more: A Guide to Linear Pendant Light: How to Choose Your Perfect One

features a long tube bulb mounted on a protrusion
Linear pendant lighting often features a long tube bulb mounted on a protrusion

Lantern pendant lights

Lantern pendants are an elegant combination of iconic form and material exploration, and they can be made from a variety of materials, including metal, glass, and wood, which give you plenty of aesthetics to consider. A beautiful pendant light fits any space and it will always have a timeless quality, regardless of style or trend.

Discover More: Audra Lantern Pendant Light is specially designed for you

made of metal plus glass and wood
Lantern lights are often made of metal, glass, and wood

Cage pendant lights

Cage pendant lights with exposed industrial bulbs are housed in handcrafted wire cages. Those can be used in any area where you want to add industrial elegance to the space. In particular, the light effect created by the metal frame also adds depth to the visuals and creates enchantment for the room.

cage pendant lights make your house more attractive and wonderful
The Cage pendant lights make your house more attractive and wonderful

Glass pendant lights

Glass pendant lights bring a modern, sophisticated touch to any room. Because this lamp is made of glass, a symbol of elegance and lightness, it will lighten your home

Moreover, the glass also provides a strong and bright light source, making it suitable for large spaces. It can also be hung individually or in groups at the same or different lengths to gain additional depth.

glass pendant lights bring a modern
Glass pendant lights bring a modern, sophisticated touch to any room.

Chandelier pendant lights

Chandelier Pendant lights usually use incandescent bulbs, but in some modern models, they use LEDs and fluorescents. They are usually hung on the wall or the ceiling.

Compared with other types of lighting, hanging chandeliers are often designed with bright and luxurious light. They are also available in small sizes that can be used in other spaces.

with incandescent bulbs or leds
Chandelier pendant lights with incandescent bulbs or LEDs

Keep Reading:

Shade pendants

This shade pendant light comes in a variety of styles, from complementary to modern. They have a shade or coating on the bulb and are made from a variety of materials, such as rattan, porcelain, copper, or glass, just to name a few.

In particular, these lights also give the room dimension and depth, as well as a cozy atmosphere.

bring the room dimension and depth
Shade pendants shade or coating on the bulb will bring the room dimension and depth

Multi-light pendants

Multi-light pendants are a lamp consisting of several bulbs, usually surrounded by separate enclosures and suspended from the same canopy. It can have 3 to 9 lights on a fixed set, suitable for lighting on ceilings or large spaces.

many shades are suitable for lighting on ceilings or large spaces
Multi-light pendants include several bulbs suitable for lighting on ceilings or large spaces.

Mini pendant lights

Mini pendant lights are typically 12 inches or less wide, so they look great on kitchen islands, smaller dining tables, and bathrooms. They are a great way to add a bit of style to any space.

The most striking feature of luminaires is that they can be used individually or together as a group to create concentrated light.

mini pendant lights look great on the kitchen or small table
Mini pendant lights look great on the kitchen or small table

Down pendants

Down pendants, also known as downlight pendants, are a type of pendant light that directs light downward, creating a focused and concentrated beam of light.

One of the most impressive benefits is that they can help reduce glare and eye strain, as the light is directed downward rather than outward.

Center bowl/inverted pendants

Center bowl pendants, or inverted pendants, are pendant lights characterized by their bowl-shaped shades that direct light upward and outward, resulting in a soft, ambient illumination.

These fixtures provide a gentle glow and enhance the room's depth and dimension by illuminating the ceiling and upper walls

Adding personality through hand-painted pendant lights

Heritage pendant fixtures crafted from materials like antique tin, weathered copper, or patterned glass gain new life and character when enhanced by hand painted detailing. This approach interjects personalization and transformation without replacing entire lighting pieces.

When determining a pendant's suitability, examine its shape and material composition. Items with existing minor dents, wear, or patina better suit shabby-chic style makeovers as blemishes disappear beneath brushstrokes versus items meant to appear polished and pristine

Shade materials

Shade materials play a crucial role in shaping the vibe and style of pendant lights, as they come in various common materials that are used in different ways. Here are some options for you:


Glass is one of the most popular shade materials for pendant lights. It offers a wide range of options in terms of transparency, color, and texture. Clear glass shades allow for maximum light transmission, making them ideal for task lighting or showcasing decorative bulbs. On the other hand, frosted or etched glass shades provide a softer, more diffused light.


Metal shades offer a sleek, modern, and industrial look that can complement a variety of design styles. Common metals used for pendant light shades include steel, aluminum, copper, and brass. Metal shades are indeed a practical choice for areas that undergo frequent use, such as kitchens or dining rooms.


While plastic is not as common as other materials for shade material, advancements in manufacturing have led to higher-quality options with increased durability and versatility. Nowadays, plastic shades offer a wide range of choices, so you can customize plastic shades to match your personal preferences and unique personality.


Fabric shades add a soft, warm, and inviting touch to pendant lights. They are available in a variety of materials, including linen, cotton, silk, and more. Fabric shades can diffuse light beautifully, creating a gentle and even glow that enhances the ambiance of your space.

Wood/ Bamboo

Wood and bamboo shades add a natural, organic element to pendant lights. These materials offer a range of colors and finishes, from light and blonde to rich and dark. Wooden shades can be carved, turned, or laser-cut into intricate patterns and designs, adding a unique and artisanal touch to your space. Bamboo shades offer a sustainable and eco-friendly option that is both stylish and durable.


Beside wood and bamboo, rattan shades have gained popularity in recent years due to their natural, bohemian, and coastal-inspired look. Rattan is a versatile and sustainable material that is derived from the rattan vine, which is native to tropical regions.

Rattan pendant lights are typically handcrafted by skilled artisans. For instance, at Rowabi, we've been crafting lights for 4 years, collaborating with longstanding traditional craftsmen to create flawless, high-quality pieces.

Base and component materials

The shade material has been determined, so let's explore what component material can be combined with it to create a unique pendant light. Let's discover together with Rowabi.


Metal is a favored option for pendant light bases and components because of its durability, versatility, and extensive finishes. Common metals in pendant lights encompass steel, aluminum, brass, and copper. Each type of metal presents a distinct aesthetic but typically aligns best with modern or industrial interior settings.


Plastic pendant lights have surged in popularity in recent years due to their lightweight nature and affordability. One advantage of plastic fixtures is their resistance to corrosion and rust, making them suitable for humid environments. Plastic is a suitable material for components as it helps to minimize costs while still maintaining the aesthetic appeal of the light fixture.


Indeed, ceramic pendant lights are often handcrafted, resulting in unique pieces that showcase the artisan's skill and creativity. With their diverse range of patterns and textures, from smooth and glossy to rough and matte, they stand out on their own. Therefore, pairing them with a simple shade is sufficient to create a striking focal point.


Crystal pendant lights are synonymous with luxury and opulence. These lights feature intricately cut crystal components that refract and reflect light, creating a stunning sparkle and shine. Crystal pendants are often paired with polished metal finishes like chrome or brass to enhance their high-end appearance.


Glass is arguably the most versatile and widely used material in pendant lights, providing limitless options in terms of shape, color, and transparency. It is often utilized as a component rather than just a hanging cord, as its inherent fragility can enhance the beauty of the primary material.

Can you paint pendant lights?

For those seeking lighting transformations without entirely replacing fixtures, creatively painting existing pendant lights offers an affordable DIY approach to overhauling a space's aesthetic.

When determining paint suitability, consider pendant shapes and material compositions. Metal items with ornate detailing or crystal accents paint beautifully. For glass pendants, use specially formulated glass and ceramic paints. Check finishes; oil-rubbed bronze or weathered brass patina nicely.

Like copper or champagne gold, smooth metallic spray paints reflect surrounding light elegantly. Ombré-tinted pendants make artful style statements; try bright crimson reds or muted sage greens for playful pops.

Take time masking off areas you want clear, like wiring or lightbulb portions. Apply the paint in light layers; heavy pooling causes dripping and unevenness. Consider sealants for durability and sheen enhancement.

How to choose the right pendant lights for your space

There are countless types of pendant lights on the market, but not all of them are suitable for every room. Here are some general rules to keep in mind when selecting pendant lights:

  • First, in the kitchen, especially over a kitchen island, choose small, simple models that provide bright, focused light for tasks. Popular shapes include cylindrical and globe pendants, often made of glass or metal. For a more natural look, rattan pendant lights can add warmth and texture to the space.
  • Moving on to the living room, choose adjustable-height pendants to suit high ceilings and provide soft, ambient lighting. Cone or lantern-shaped pendants in materials like metal or glass work well here.
  • In bedrooms, benefit from warm, soothing lights that promote relaxation. Dome or bell-shaped pendants in warm materials like wood or fabric are ideal. For outdoor areas, choose durable pendants designed to withstand the elements. Cage or lantern-style pendants in weather-resistant materials like brass or stainless steel are excellent options.
  • For more detailed tips, check out our guides on choosing the perfect pendant lights for each room, where we also include examples for the dining room, bathroom, and even the entryway.

Dive deeper: How to Choose the Right Pendant Light

More details you should know about Pendant Lights?

In this section, we'll delve into some more technical aspects of pendant lighting, including cost, size, safety, light bulb type, color and finish, kitchen pendant lighting, the difference between pendant lights and flush mount lights, and additional features to consider.

The cost of pendant lights

The cost of pendant lights can vary widely, influenced by factors such as size, material, and brand. Typically, prices range from $50 to $500 or more for a single pendant light. Higher-quality materials like crystal or hand-blown glass tend to be pricier, while options like rattan or bamboo offer elegance at a mid-range cost.

The size of pendant lights

Choosing the right size pendant light is crucial for both aesthetic appeal and practicality. Consider the dimensions of your space, including ceiling height and the area you want to illuminate.

A general rule of thumb is to choose a pendant light that is approximately one-third the width of the table or island it will be hanging over.

The safety

Ensure that the pendant light you choose meets safety standards and regulations. Pendant lights should be installed at least 30 inches above a table or countertop to avoid any risk of injury or fire.

If you have young children or pets, consider choosing a pendant light with a shatterproof shade or a protective cage around the bulb.

Light bulb type

The type of light bulb you choose for your pendant light can have a big impact on the overall look and feel of the space. LED bulbs are a popular choice for their energy efficiency and long lifespan, while incandescent bulbs offer a warm, traditional glow.

Color and finish

When choosing a color or finish for your pendant light, consider the overall color scheme and style of your space. A metallic finish like chrome or brass introduces glamour and sophistication, while matte black or white lends a sleek, modern aesthetic.

Alternatively, for minimalist or natural styles, opt for earthy tones like natural brown or beige found in bamboo or rattan materials.

Kitchen pendant lighting

Pendant lights are a popular choice for kitchen lighting, particularly over islands or breakfast bars. When choosing pendant lights for your kitchen, consider the size and layout of the space, as well as the overall style of your kitchen.

Make sure to choose pendant lights that provide adequate task lighting for cooking and food preparation.

Pendant lights vs. Flush mount lights

Pendant lights and flush mount lights are two common types of ceiling lighting, but they serve different purposes and create different looks. Pendant lights hang down from the ceiling on a cord or chain, creating a more dramatic and eye-catching look.

Flush-mount lights, on the other hand, are mounted directly against the ceiling and provide more general ambient lighting.

Additional features to consider

When shopping for pendant lights, there are several additional features to consider beyond just the style and material.

Look for adjustable height options to accommodate varying ceiling heights, dimmable fixtures for customizable lighting levels, and compatibility with smart home systems for remote control and automation.

Where can I buy pendant lights online?

In today's digital age, shopping for pendant lights online has never been easier or more convenient. With a wide variety of retailers and websites to choose from, you can browse thousands of options from the comfort of your own home.

Specialty lighting stores

One of the best places to buy pendant lights online is through specialty lighting stores. These retailers focus exclusively on lighting fixtures and offer a wide selection of pendant lights in various styles, materials, and price points.

Some popular online specialty lighting stores include:

  • Rowabi: Rowabi specializes in crafting meticulously handmade rattan pendant lights by skilled artisans. We are committed to producing each pendant light to the highest standard while maintaining an affordable price point.
  • Lumens: Lumens is a well-known retailer that offers a curated selection of high-quality lighting fixtures from top brands.
  • Lampsplus: YLighting is another reputable specialty lighting store that offers a wide range of pendant lights, from modern and minimalist to traditional and ornate.

Online Marketplaces

Online marketplaces like Amazon and Etsy are also great places to buy pendant lights. These sites offer a wide variety of options from multiple sellers, often at competitive prices.

When shopping on online marketplaces, be sure to read reviews and check the seller's ratings to ensure a positive buying experience.

Faqs: All you need to know about pendant lights

Are pendant light lengths adjustable (shorten or lengthen)?

  • Yes, many pendant lights come with adjustable cords or chains that allow you to customize the hanging height to suit your needs.

Are pendant lights dimmable?

  • Yes, many pendant lights are compatible with dimmer switches, which allow you to adjust the brightness of the light to create different moods or ambiances in the room.
  • However, make sure to check the product specifications before purchasing because not all of them are dimmable.

Should pendant lights be centered over a kitchen island?

  • Yes, pendant lights should generally be centered over a kitchen island for both functional and aesthetic reasons.
  • Centering the lights ensures that the entire island is well-lit and that the light is evenly distributed. It also creates a balanced and visually appealing look.

How high should pendant lights hang above the floor?

  • There is no such thing as an ideal hanging height for pendant lights because it depends on the size of the room and the height of the ceilings.
  • As a general rule of thumb, pendant lights should hang about 60–70 inches above the floor in a room with 8-foot ceilings. For higher ceilings, you can add 3-6 inches for each additional foot of ceiling height.

Can pendant lights be used in a bathroom?

  • Yes, pendant lights can be used in a bathroom as long as they are rated for damp or wet locations. Look for pendant lights that are described as being moisture-resistant and safe to use in a humid environment.

Can you hang pendant lights from a track?

  • Yes, pendant lights can be hung from a track lighting system. This is a great option if you want the flexibility to move or adjust the position of your lights over time. Make sure to look for pendant lights that are compatible with your specific track lighting system.

How many pendant lights can or should you hang over a kitchen island?

  • It mostly depends on the size of the island and the size of the lights. As a general recommendation, you should use one pendant light for every two feet of island length. For example, if your island is six feet long, you would hang three pendant lights.

How high should pendant lights be above a kitchen island?

  • Pendant lights should generally hang about 28–34 inches above the surface of a kitchen island. This height allows for adequate illumination. If you have taller ceilings or a larger island, you may want to adjust the height accordingly.

Final thoughts

So here it is: you now have a comprehensive guide to help you navigate the world of pendant lights and choose the perfect one for your home.

Remember, lighting plays a crucial role in shaping your overall experience at home. The right pendant light can transform a dull and lifeless room into a warm and welcoming haven that you'll never want to leave. So go ahead, make your own haven, and let your pendant light be the centerpiece that ties it all together.

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